Continents, Compacted, Connected
2 There are also passages showing that the waters surrounding the earth have their bounds on the great southern circumference. Job 26:10 “He has compassed the waters with bounds, until the day and night come to an end.” In margin, “until the end of light with darkness.” In the R.V. It is, “He hath described a boundary on the face of the waters, unto the confines of light and darkness.” Job 38:8-11, “Who shut up the sea with doors when it brake forth. When I made the cloud, the garment thereof and thick darkness a swaddling band for it. And prescribed for it my decree (or boundary) and set bars and doors, and said, hitherto shalt thou come, but no farther, and here shall they proud waves be stayed.” And far out there on the southern circumference, are solid and impassable ramparts of ice, barriers – cliffs of ice – forbidding the further progress of daring navigators. It was so with Captain Wilks and Jas. C. Ross. Well, you ask: Do the Scriptures mention these solid walls and barriers of ice out there on the southern circumference? Yes, they do. Job 38:30, “The face of the deep is frozen.” The daring navigators on the southern seas, who have told us of the solid walls of ice – the barriers and cliffs of ice – disclose to us the meaning, the sublime meaning of such passages as Job 38:30; Ps. 33:7.
The earth and ocean together constitute an immense circular plane, according to the other “book” of God, Nature. There are phenomenal proofs that the earth is not a globe, with north and south poles, but that the earth is a plane, having the central region for its north, and, the southern circumference for its south.
Long periods of light and darkness, regularly alternating is a phenomenal peculiarity of the north, but not of the south, and proves that the north is the central region, and the south is the circumference.
During the summer solstice, the northern or central region of the earth is illuminated for several months together, during those months it is a long day without a night. This is a phenomenal characteristic of the north. This being the central region, the diameter of the sun’s orbit in June is much smaller than that of its December or winter solstice, its speed is not so great or rapid as it is in December when on its outer path, or orbit on the Tropic of Capricorn, consequently its rays continue over the northern centre for several months. But in the south this is not the case, though it would be if the earth were a planet. In the south, on the contrary, the day closes abruptly in summer, they have little or no twilight. In the south seas beyond the 50th parallel, the sun will be shinning brightly, and, in a very short time, the sailor who happens to be aloft, will be in pitch darkness. The sun seems to drop below the sea. At Auckland, New Zealand, there is little or no twilight. At Nelson, it is light till about 8 o’clock, then in a few minutes it becomes too dark to see anything, and the change comes over in almost no time. Twilight lasts but a short time in so low a latitude as 28 degrees south, according to Capitan Basil Hall, so that from 28 degrees south, to beyond 50 degrees south, there is little or no twilight. But, in the corresponding latitudes north, the twilight continues for hours after visible sunset. In the north at midsummer, for many nights in succession, the sky is scarcely darkened.
The difference between north and south with regard to organic life, vegetable and animal, show that the earth and ocean is a circular plane. The long periods of sunlight in the north, develop with great rapidity numerous forms of vegetable life, and furnished subsistence for multitudes of living creatures. But in the south, where the region is circumferential (not central as in the north, the sunlight cannot linger, but sweeps quickly over the greater southern circle, completing it in the same time as the shorter circle of the north, viz., 24 hours, and so has not time to excite the surface, has not time to aid and stimulate animal and vegetable life to the same extent as in the north, consequently in comparatively low southern latitudes, everything wears an aspect of desolation.
The South Georgia’s latitude 54 and 55 degrees in the very height of summer, is covered deeply with frozen snow; but in the farthest north, nature is adorned with summer beauty; flowers and grasses bloom during a brief and rapid summer. Kerguelen, 49 degrees south, boasts 18 species of plants, only one being useful in cases of scurvy, it is a peculiar kind of cabbage; but Iceland, 65 degrees north, 15 degress nearer the pole in the north, boasts 870 species. Kerguelen’s land, or, Desolation island, was discovered in 1772 by M. de Kerguelen, a French Navigator. Here December corresponds to our June. According to Captain Morrell Kerguelen is situated in the latitude 48 degrees, 40” south, longitude 69 degrees 6” east. Many of the hills on this island, though of moderate height, were covered with snow, notwithstanding that the season was midsummer. January corresponding to our July. There is not the appearance of a tree or shrub on the whole island. Captain Morrell, 1822 to 1831, in latitude 62 degrees 27”, longitude 94 degrees 11” east, met with extensive fields of ice, one of which would have measure 150 miles, east and west.
The bones of musk oxen, killed by Eskimos, were found on the 79th parallel north, while in the south, man is not found above the 56the parallel of latitude.
These differences between north and south could not exist, if the earth were not a globe, turning upon axis and moving in an orbit round the sun. the latitudes corresponding north and south, would have the same degree of light and heat and the same general phenomena. The distance round a globe would be the same at 50 degrees south as at 50 degrees north, and the surface at the two places would pass under the sun with the same velocity, and the light would approach in the morning and recede in the evening in exactly the same manner. There would be a sameness of phenomena north and south, if the earth were a globe; but the differences are in harmony with the doctrine of the circular plane of the earth and ocean.
The meridian lines diverge southwards, and the degrees of longitude increase accordingly; but if the earth were a globe, the degrees of longitude northward or southward from the equator would diminish.
From the known distance between two places in the south on or about the same latitude, and the difference of solar time (or difference in longitude) we can calculate the length of a degree at that latitude.
John T. Lawson,
Parry Sound District