The Importance of Perspective In Understanding the Flat Earth Model, part 5
From the booklet: The Sea-Earth Globe and its Monstrous Hypothetical Motions: or Modern Theoretical Astronomy
Note: Punctuation and grammar is as in the original.
The motion of the planets, as described in this series of article from an old flat earth booklet, how the moon, for example, would have to behave IF it was traveling round the earth WHILE the earth itself is travelling round the sun. This is accompanied by illustrations demonstrating the impossibility of such motions.
The earth’s Supposed Elliptical Orbit
The form of an ellipse is taken from the circumference of a conic section cut obliquely, by a plane passing through both sides of the cone, and not parallel to the circular base. If cut parallel to the base it makes, of course, circle, which decreases in size as it approaches the top point of the cone.
The ellipse is something like a circle which as been more or less flattened on opposite sides; but it is not like the circle in having only one centre, for it has two points or foci in the longer diameter, from which it can be constructed. Each of these points is at an equal distance from the centre of the figure. We are not told how the circle got flattened!
The ellipse since Kepler’s time has long been supposed to represent the earth’s annual orbit round the sun; and though the latest “new astronomy” has broken open Kepler’s closed ellipse, yet astronomers keep up the fiction of “elliptical orbits,” rather than openly confess the great change which has taken place in their views of planetary motion. The great German astronomer Kepler was born in the year 1571 A.D., and he invented and formulated his Laws of Motion between 1609 A.D. And 1618 A.D. He taught that the earth’s orbit was an ellipse, with the sun in “one of the foci, and a little over twelve millions of miles from the earth. The other focus was left empty, and it has been “to let” ever since” modern astronomers have lengthened the sun’s distance by nearly a hundred millions of miles, which has necessarily increased the earth’s supposed orbit more than three hundred millions of mile! But this ugly fact is not acknowledged nor permitted to detract from the great name of Kepler, lest it might also reflect upon the “science” of astronomy; for in this “exact science” the alteration of millions of miles is “a meter detail!”
Sir Robert Ball, in his Stry of the Heavens – and a big story it is too! – says of this problems that Kepler “to his immortal glory succeeded in solving and proving it to demonstration”! The select “Royal Astronomical Society” is evidently a Mutual Admiration Society, if nothing else!
Further on Sir Robert says that “Kepler’s discovery (invention?) of the true shape of the planetary orbits stands out as one of the most conspicuous events in the history of astronomy” So say all of us!
Great astronomers are not always good logicians, so Sir Robert further eulogises Kepler in these words: –
“Kepler found that the movement (movements?) of the planets could be explained by SUPPOSING that the path in which each one moved (moves?) was (is?) all ellipse. This (supposition) in itself was a discovery of the most commanding importance.” (Italics mine, and parenthesis.) – Story of the Heavens, p. 110.
The above confession refutes itself; but we may point out that the idea, belauded by Mr. Ball, is based on four suppositions or hypotheses: – (1) That the sea-earth is globular; (2) that the sea-earth ball is a planet, or wandering star, amongst “other” heavenly bodies; (3) that the sun is stationary in “one of the foci”; and (4) that the orbit of the earth annually round the sun makes a closed ellipse!
Assumption after assumption; and the fourth one spoiled and quietly discarded by later astronomers, as D.V. We shall show later on! But let us here refer to the above diagram (fig. 17).
The thick line A D B E represents an ellipse all closed in; and S the place of the sun in one of the foci of the longer diameter. The heavier dots on the ellipse may whew the earth’s hypothetical positions for the different months of the year. Now astronomers admit that the moon travels round the earth once a month,while the globe is going round the sun. what then should be the path of the moon? Neither a circle nor an ellipse; but a series of cycloidal curves, a sinuosity like the track of the serpent! But my limited space demands brevity.
Look at the curve and study it, and you will find out some curious phenomena which the moon ought to manifest if there theories were true; but which she, in spite of her supposed fickleness, refuses to manifest. Trace out the path of the moon though the various signs of the zodiac, in relation to the sun’s fixed position. The moon would sometimes very slow – sometimes actually appearing retrograde!
Yet the daily speed of the moon never varies more than two or three degrees, and the moon’s motion is always “direct” through the twelve signs – justifying the inspired statement of the Psalmist that the moon is “the faithful witness in the sky” (Psa. Lxxxix. 37).