Captain Scott and the South Pole Exposition
(From an old flat earth magazine called: Monthly Magazine)
Pics: Mt Erebus. Ross island, mt erebus Antarctica
(In the UK Daily Mail there was an interesting article about the South Pole for those interested in a plane and motionless earth. But, unfortunately, it was in 1904.)
The return of the Discovery in search of the “South Pole” was professed to be described in a full narrative by Capt. Scott, R.N., Commander of the Antarctic Exploring Expedition, which sailed from New Zealand in December, 1901.
From the account it appears that the Discovery, and the relief ships – Morning and Terra Nova – arrived at Lyttleton, N.Z., on April 1st, after voyaging 2 ½ years in the Antarctic regions. As the Expedition was assisted out of the National Exchequer, whatever facts may have been elicited ought to be made public.
It may be stated for our readers’ information that it was in January, 1902 (six months after sailing from Cowed) that the discover entered the ice-field; a month later, when 2,000 miles south of New Zealand, she became gripped in the ice. This occurred in a region near the volcano Erebus, an active crater, named after the leading ship of the expedition commanded by Sir James Clarke Ross, about 60 years ago.
In that voyage the evidence pointed to the fact of the earth being a plane, the extremities of which ware bounded by vast regions of ice and water, and irregular massed of land.
I believe when a true plan of the earth is known, it will be found to have four “corners.” Three of them are known, and the fourth exists, possibly under the water. It has not yet been discovered. Mr. E.E. Middleton, I am convinced, is on the right track.
That the sun’s path has been moving southwards in a concentric course may reasonable account for the changes in temperature that must have taken place on portions of the earth’s surface, where remains of verdure that could only have existed in a different climate are found. We may note the discovery that certain specimens of flora found in the North polar regions exist in the southern ice fields. The fossil remains of plants discovered by certain explorers, are thought to point to the fact that, at some period in the past, the now icy south was once warmer. At present, at the point to which the Discovery expedition penetrated, the mean temperature for the year is below zero; they once experience 100 degrees of frost. In such a locality scanty moss, with a few lichens, form the only plant life.
When the explorers were sleighing through a blizzard, we are told that “if their glovers were not securely fastened on, they would instantly be blown away” (!) This corroborates our personal conclusions, viz. ; that the furthest south being beyond the vision of light and darkness – or day and night – is piercingly cold, and subject to boisterous winds, which seep with intense force across the clashing icebergs.
The narrative given in the above named papers, is, as far as it goes, favourable to the deduction that the earth rests upon and within the waters of the great deep, and that it is a floating island, or serie of islands, buoyed up by the waters, and probably supported by submarine land connected with other land beneath the ice in the extreme south.
Commander Scott, on describing his winter sojourn in the wild Antarctic regions of solitude, was most preserving in his attempt “to look on the frozen page of God, and see what the letters meant.” by his sledge journeys into the interior of the unknown continent, he says, he has succeeded in finding it to be a bleak plateau (elevated plain) rising 9,000 feet above the sea, “and stretching interminable to the south.” This goes far to put the stamp of proof upon what we have expressed as our belief in respect to what exists far south.
Captain Scott, with Mr. Skelton and party, found a new route to the West, and established a depot 2,000 feet up the glacier, 60 miles from the ship. On October 6th, 1903, one section of the explorers started for the strait in lat. 80 S, and they found it contained a large glacier formed from the inland ice ; and they obtained information as to the point of junction between the barrier-ice and the land. A depot, established the previous year, was found to have moved a quarter of a mile to the north. Six of the party reached a point 160 miles S E of the ship, travelling continuously over a level plain. No trace of land, and no obstacles in the ice were encountered, “and evidence was obtained showing this vast plain to be afloat.”
It is something to know that the expedition was within 500 miles of the so-called “South Pole,” and that all this way off the compass was reversed.
During the return journey the Possession Islands were found to be more numerous than shown on the charts ; but Wilke’s Land, Right Gold Knoll, and other lands marked on the chart, were apparently not in existence ; and the Discovery sailed right over the spot where they were supposed to be located.
When steaming along the great Ice Barrier, discovered by Sir James Clarke Ross in 1842, at the furthest easterly point Captain Scott discovered new land, which His Majesty has been pleased to have called after himself, viz. : “King Edward VII Land.”
We may note that the Discovery, in settling down into winter quarters in February, 1902, was frozen in, “and endured a long dark winter, with a night of 122 days, when the temperature fell to 62° below zero, and it was unsafe to venture from the ship, for even a mile, because of the blinding blizzard that raged almost continuously.” This quotation is an excerpt from the statement of Lieut. Shackleton, of the Discovery. “Does the phrase, ‘a night of 122 days’ mean that the sun was not seen for that long period?” was a question put to me ; and I replied, “Certainly.” And as such is undoubtedly the case, I ask, how would it be possible to experience !a night of 122 days,” if the earth be a globe careering round the sun, as they say it does?
It is with decided satisfaction that I read of a western route having been located, and a depot being established up the glacier, 2,000 feet above sea level ; but it appears to me a little premature for the Royal Society Executive to determine that the form of the presentation to Capt. Scott shall be a silver globe, with the route marked to strengthened the hypothesis that we are living on a globe. If a globe is a suitable present on which to mark the route of the ship, why was the ship, in the first instance, not navigated by the aid of a globular chart? We do not think that the gallant captain would have ventured out to sea with a globular chart ; had he attempted to do so, I feel assured that the voyage would never have been as successful as it has.
I would suggest, therefore, as a more suitable form of present, a large silver block in the form of the great “level plateau,” which he discovered, “stretching interminably to the south.”