So-Called Space Debris and Danger to Satellites

Debris In Space Exposed

Keeping track of all the junk - yea, sure!

Keeping track of all the junk – yea, sure!

by Mark Garcia

September 26, 2013

Last Updated July 27, 2016

from NASA Website

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/universo/cosmos264.htm

Introduction

I got this article from the above link. This site believes in aliens, UFOs and the heliocentric model of the universe, and it has quite a bit of articles on such topics. However, it does have many good articles on other topics that we agree on.

This article on “Space Debris” is good, in htat it shows the lunicy of the space agencies of Europe, America and Russia. You’ll really get some laughs out of it (for us flat earth believers). With that in mind, I added my comments in italics. The underline is what I want to bring your attention to what they said. Anyhow, it’s good to know what the globe earth followers believe in order to refute their arguments.

Richard

More than 500,000 pieces of debris, or “space junk,” are tracked as they orbit the Earth.

This is simply ludicrous in that our space agencies can keep track of half a million pieces of debris in space, considering they have a hard enough time of doing this in airport control towers.

They all travel at speeds up to 17,500 mph, fast enough for a relatively small piece of orbital debris to damage a satellite or a spacecraft.

It’s good to bring up some of these “facts” such as “500,000 pieces of debris and 17,500 miles per hour speed,” as this tells your critic that you know what NASA and others tells the public. With that in mind, let’s comment on it.

Anything that is traveling anywhere near 17,500 mph would completely disintegrate. How do they explain that these pieces continue  to keep its shape year after year! People think that only a collusion of some kind can break things apart. If that was the case, there would not be on building damaged in a hurricane; why should it as the wind speed is only 100-150 mph in most cases.

We are told that “relatively small piece of orbital debris” can do damage to a satellite or spacecraft. Well if the debris is really traveling at 17,500 mph ALL PIECES can cause damage. Have the people at NASA ever heard of a bullet? A bullet travels MUCH SLOWER than “orbital debris” and it’s very small but it still does damage.

The rising population of space debris increases the potential danger to all space vehicles, but especially to the International Space Station, space shuttles and other spacecraft with humans aboard.

NASA takes the threat of collisions with space debris seriously and has a long-standing set of guidelines on how to deal with each potential collision threat.

These guidelines, part of a larger body of decision-making aids known as flight rules, specify when the expected proximity of a piece of debris increases the probability of a collision enough that evasive action or other precautions to ensure the safety of the crew are needed.

Orbital Debris

Space debris encompasses both natural (meteoroid) and artificial (man-made) particles.

Meteoroids are in orbit about the sun, while most artificial debris is in orbit about the Earth. Hence, the latter is more commonly referred to as orbital debris.

Orbital debris is any man-made object in orbit about the Earth which no longer serves a useful function. Such debris includes nonfunctional spacecraft, abandoned launch vehicle stages, mission-related debris and fragmentation debris.

There are more than 20,000 pieces of debris larger than a softball orbiting the Earth.

They travel at speeds up to 17,500 mph, fast enough for a relatively small piece of orbital debris to damage a satellite or a spacecraft. There are 500,000 pieces of debris the size of a marble or larger. There are many millions of pieces of debris that are so small they can’t be tracked.

Why don’t they say something as small as a .22 bullet? In fact, even something smaller should do a great deal of damage. Traveling that fast, the debris would be able to travel all the way though a satellite or spacecraft.

Even tiny paint flecks can damage a spacecraft when traveling at these velocities.

In fact a number of space shuttle windows have been replaced because of damage caused by material that was analyzed and shown to be paint flecks.

They admit something smaller, finally. But if it damaged a window, IF it came through it would kill everyone on board. So, how is it – after all these years – that only something as small as a paint fleck hits the windows or the craft itself?

The greatest risk to space missions comes from non-trackable debris,” said Nicholas Johnson, NASA chief scientist for orbital debris.

Then why hasn’t everything we sent up in space gets hit? There must be more than the “traceable amounts” of space debris up there!

With so much orbital debris, there have been surprisingly few disastrous collisions.

Yes, surprise, surprise! lol

In 1996, a French satellite was hit and damaged by debris from a French rocket that had exploded a decade earlier.

On Feb. 10, 2009, a defunct Russian satellite collided with and destroyed a functioning U.S. Iridium commercial satellite. The collision added more than 2,000 pieces of trackable debris to the inventory of space junk.

China’s 2007 anti-satellite test, which used a missile to destroy an old weather satellite, added more than 3,000 pieces to the debris problem.

With the so-called “hit” satellites, it’s easy for them to say this. After all, the governments of the world lie as a matter of course. And since the owners of the major media works hand-in-glove with the government agencies, they’ll print anything they are told; they question nothing. So, how can we prove otherwise? (One way is just going on to talk about the flat earth.)

Here is another amazing statement: “…added more than 3,000 pieces to the debris problem.” Tell me, what equipment do we have on earth that can tell, even approximately, how many pieces broke up from a satellite wreck? Since when were we able to do that? And not only determine how many pieces broke up but also from a distance of thousands of miles away; how do you “count” the pieces before they take off in their respective directions at 17,000 mph! This is another big laugh!

Tracking Debris

The Department of Defense (DoD) maintains a highly accurate satellite catalog on objects in Earth orbit that are larger than a softball.

NASA and the DoD cooperate and share responsibilities for characterizing the satellite (including orbital debris) environment. DoD’s Space Surveillance Network tracks discrete objects as small as 2 inches (5 centimeters) in diameter in low Earth orbit and about 1 yard (1 meter) in geosynchronous orbit.

Where is this “satellite catalog?” Shouldn’t it be a “debris catalog?” Why hasn’t this monitor ever been shown? And IF it was shown, we know what computer programs can create. So, IF it was shown – don’t buy into it.

Notice we are told that Department of Defense keeps track of pieces larger than a softball. Then, in the next paragraph DoD keeps track of objects as small as 2 inches. Well, this is smaller than a softball – so which is it? (An American softball is about 4 inches in diameter.)

Currently, about 15,000 officially cataloged objects are still in orbit.

This gets funnier all the time! From what we were told at the very beginning of this article there are “more than 500,000 pieces of debris are track.” So, what happened to the others 485,000 pieces of junk out there? Maybe some of the debris is not “official!” lol

The total number of tracked objects exceeds 21,000. Using special ground-based sensors and inspections of returned satellite surfaces, NASA statistically determines the extent of the population for objects less than 4 inches (10 centimeters) in diameter.

Now the tracked objects are “21,000!” (Wait until tomorrow’s new folks – the forecast is for 30,000!) I must admit though, it’s common to read in newspapers of different numbers. For example, have you ever read of an accident where a certain number of people had been killed and WITHIN that same article the number is different?)

Collision risks are divided into three categories depending upon size of threat.

For objects 4 inches (10 centimeters) and larger, conjunction assessments and collision avoidance maneuvers are effective in countering objects which can be tracked by the Space Surveillance Network.

Objects smaller than this usually are too small to track and too large to shield against.

If it’s too small to track, is one thing but that it’s too large to shield against, then that means that everything is too large to shield against. So, how can the craft be protected? And what is their shield? Is it some kind of Star Trek force field? lol

Debris shields can be effective in withstanding impacts of particles smaller than half an inch (1 centimeter).

Here, we are talking about the size of a .22 bullet (the upper end of their protection ability). Now, at over 17,000 mph it can still cause a heck of a lot of damage. Most bullets are made of lead, which is a soft metal. But with debris made of stronger metal, the damage would be more. Therefore, the whole craft HAS to be shielded with a thick plate of steel (for starters). But the fact is that they are not. Of course the satellites and such don’t exist but for those who, at this point, still believe in it, fine. HOWEVER, “we are told” by NASA and others that the space station and satellites are made of light weight metals such as aluminium. So, how can this give any kind of protection?

Anything going at 17,000 mph would disintergrate, yet we have 500,000 pieces that never seem to do that? Amazing!

Speed and direction of space debris

This brings up another issue and that is, the speed and direction of the space debris. If the debris is coming from the opposite direction, the impact would, in effect, be double. So, the space agencies have another problem – more speed and more damage.

Planning for and Reacting to Debris

NASA has a set of long-standing guidelines that are used to assess whether the threat of such a close pass is sufficient to warrant evasive action or other precautions to ensure the safety of the crew.

These guidelines essentially draw an imaginary box, known as the “pizza box” because of its flat, rectangular shape, around the space vehicle. This box is about a mile deep by 30 miles across by 30 miles long (1.5 x 50 x 50 kilometers), with the vehicle in the center.

When predictions indicate that the debris will pass close enough for concern and the quality of the tracking data is deemed sufficiently accurate, Mission Control centers in Houston and Moscow work together to develop a prudent course of action.

Sometimes these encounters are known well in advance and there is time to move the station slightly, known as a “debris avoidance maneuver” to keep the debris outside of the box.

Well known in advance,” what a joke! How can this be with 500,000 pieces of debris traveling at fantastic speeds? In any given second the debris dynamically changes, the “debris map” changes completely and there is no way to react fast enough. Computers can act fast, but it takes man to react to this information. It takes time to maneuver the craft. The Liars have factored this in so what they had to say is “they have plenty of time” plan for this.

Other times, the tracking data isn’t precise enough to warrant such a maneuver or the close pass isn’t identified in time to make the maneuver.

So, what are they saying – that it’s hit by the debris? If this is the case, NASA treats it like it’s no big deal. Something that is the size of a baseball traveling 20x faster than a bullet cause no problems?

In those cases, the control centers may agree that the best course of action is to move the crew into the Soyuz spacecraft that are used to transport humans to and from the station.

This allows enough time to isolate those spaceships from the station by closing hatches in the event of a damaging collision.

The space agencies think that if the men are out of the way, if the hatched is closed, everything is OK. What a joke!

The crew would be able to leave the station if the collision caused a loss of pressure in the life-supporting module or damaged critical components. The Soyuz act as lifeboats for crew members in the event of an emergency.

Mission Control also has the option of taking additional precautions, such as closing hatches between some of the station’s modules, if the likelihood of a collision is great enough.

Maneuvering Spacecraft to Avoid Orbital Debris

NASA has a set of long-standing guidelines that are used to assess whether the threat of a close approach of orbital debris to a spacecraft is sufficient to warrant evasive action or precautions to ensure the safety of the crew.

And by the time they go over the guidelines, look in their Help manual, don’t they think it’s too late?

Debris avoidance maneuvers are planned when the probability of collision from a conjunction reaches limits set in the space shuttle and space station flight rules.

If the probability of collision is greater than 1 in 100,000, a maneuver will be conducted if it will not result in significant impact to mission objectives. If it is greater than 1 in 10,000, a maneuver will be conducted unless it will result in additional risk to the crew.

Debris avoidance maneuvers are usually small and occur from one to several hours before the time of the conjunction. Debris avoidance maneuvers with the shuttle can be planned and executed in a matter of hours.

Such maneuvers with the space station require about 30 hours to plan and execute mainly due to the need to use the station’s Russian thrusters, or the propulsion systems on one of the docked Russian or European spacecraft.

That’s amazing, hundreds of thousands of pieces of metal out there, going in their own directions, traveling at more than 17,000 mph and they have 30 HOURS TIME to figure out what to do?

Several collision avoidance maneuvers with the shuttle and the station have been conducted during the past 10 years.

Isn’t that amazing with 500,000 pieces of metal out there and the thousands more of smaller pieces, only several time in 10 years they had to maneuver out of the way!? I guess they say that otherwise the International Space Station would always have to maneuver out of the way.

NASA implemented the conjunction assessment and collision avoidance process for human spaceflight beginning with shuttle mission STS-26 in 1988.

Before launch of the first element of the International Space Station in 1998, NASA and DoD jointly developed and implemented a more sophisticated and higher fidelity conjunction assessment process for human spaceflight missions.

In 2005, NASA implemented a similar process for selected robotic assets such as the Earth Observation System satellites in low Earth orbit and Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System in geosynchronous orbit.

In 2007, NASA extended the conjunction assessment process to all NASA maneuverable satellites within low Earth orbit and within 124 miles (200 kilometers) of geosynchronous orbit.

DoD’s Joint Space Operations Center (JSpOC) is responsible for performing conjunction assessments for all designated NASA space assets in accordance with an established schedule (every eight hours for human spaceflight vehicles and daily Monday through Friday for robotic vehicles).

JSpOC notifies NASA (Johnson Space Center for human spaceflight and Goddard Space Flight Center for robotic missions) of conjunctions which meet established criteria.

JSpOC tasks the Space Surveillance Network to collect additional tracking data on a threat object to improve conjunction assessment accuracy. NASA computes the probability of collision, based upon miss distance and uncertainty provided by JSpOC.

Based upon specific flight rules and detailed risk analysis, NASA decides if a collision avoidance maneuver is necessary.

If a maneuver is required, NASA provides planned post-maneuver orbital data to JSpOC for screening of near-term conjunctions.

This process can be repeated if the planned new orbit puts the NASA vehicle at risk of future collision with the same or another space object.

One last important thought

There is one last thought I’d like to say and that is, how in the world can radar detect thousands of moving objects going at thousands of miles an hour from distances from 100 miles to, say, 1,000 miles above the earth? Where are the radar stations set up in a network spread all over the earth? After all, if the earth is a globe you can’t have one radar station doing all this work.

In short, there is nothing that can keep track of 500,000 pieces of objects traveling at 17,000 mph! This is just as phony as the thing called “gravity” or the “Big Bang.”

Save

Save

Advertisements

About revealed4you

First and foremost I'm a Christian and believe that the Bible is the inspired word of Yahweh God. Introducing people to the Bible through the flat earth facts.
This entry was posted in satellites and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s